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MLA Citations: MLA Examples

A guide to writing and citing

MLA Examples


Ashour, Radwa, Ferial J. Ghazoul and Hasna Reda-Mekdashi, eds. Arab Women Writers: A

        Critical Reference Guide, 1873-1999. American University, 2008.

Billings, Michael. “The Doctor and Amy Pond: A Bedtime Story.” Language of

Doctor Who: From Shakespeare to Alien Tongues, edited by Jason Barr and Camille D.G. Mustachio, Rowman & Littlefield, 2014, pp. 231-243.

Gall, Timothy L., editor. Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life. 4 vols. Gale, 1997.

Knowlson, James. Damned to Fame: the Life of Samuel Beckett. Simon & Schuster, 1996.       

Li, Peter, Marjorie H. Lee, and Steven Mark, editors. Culture and Politics, China: An Anatomy of Tiananmen Square. Transaction Publishers, 2007.

Ebooks/Electronic Books

Armstrong, David. Revolution and World Order: The Revolutionary State in International Society. E-Book, Oxford University Press, 1993.

Hodge, Bob and Louie Kam. The Politics of Chinese Language and Culture: The Art of Reading Dragons. E-Book, Routledge, 1998.


Sakhrani, Bhavna. “Long Used by Australian Aborigines for Healing, Emu Oil Is Increasingly in Demand to Treat a  Range of Ailments.” South China Morning Post,
       21 January 2014, p. 8. LexisNexis Academic,

Kearns, Landess. Coconut Crab Claw Strength Rivals Lion’s Bite, Study Shows. Huffington Post, 29 November 2016,

 Jarboe, Michelle. "Mortgage Defaults on Rise as Unemployment Increases." Plain Dealer, 21 Aug. 2009, p. A1+. 


Gardner, Lisa A. "Wat 2 Do Abt Txt'n & Drv'n (Aka: What To Do About The Problem Of Texting While Driving?)." CPCU Ejournal vol. 63, no.11, 2010, pp.1-13.

       Academic Search Complete.

   Stein, Joel. "Less Vegas." Time, 24 Aug. 2009, pp. 23-29.

Academic Journals

Luneberry, Clarke. “Suspicious Silence: Walking Out on John Cage.” Current Musicology, Vol. 94, Fall, 2012, pp.127-142. Humanities International Complete.

Hirschberger, Gilad, et al. "Attachment, Marital Satisfaction, and Divorce during the First Fifteen Years of Parenthood." Personal Relationships 16.3 (2009): 401-420.
       Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection. .

Haskins, Rob. "Aspects of Zen Buddhism as an Analytical Context for John Cage's Chance Music." Contemporary Music Review, vol. 33, no. 5/6, Oct-Dec2014, pp.
       616-629. Academic Search Complete,


It is wise to keep a record of when you first consult online sources. MLA uses the phrase, “Accessed” to denote which date you accessed the web page. It is not required to do so, but it is encouraged especially when there is no copyright date listed on a website (MLA: Owl at Purdue).


Larson, Larry, project lead, Didier Garcia, art direction & design, Jack Freudenheim, programming. John Cage. The John
       Cage Trust, 1993-2017,

“Bipolar disorder.” National Institute of Mental Health. National Institutes of Health, April 2016, Accessed 23 February 2017.

Henriksen, Arve. Arve Henriksen. 2015, Accessed 17 April 2016.


Lennon, John. Interview. Jim Ladd Innerviews, YouTube, 10 October 1974.

Trump, Donald. Personal Interview. 24 Jan. 2017.


Chusid, Ron. “Betsy DeVos Joins Donald Trump's Bizarro World Cabinet.” Liberal Values, 8 February 2017, Accessed 26 February 2017.








@George Takei. “You can't be "a country united against hate" when your AG is a racist, your VP attacks LGBTs, and your top advisor is a White Nationalist.” Twitter, 28
       Feb. 2017, 9:27 p.m.,


Bernie Sanders. “Yesterday, President Trump said, 'Nobody ever knew health care could be so complicated.' Well, some of us had an idea. When you provide health
       care to 320 million people - yeah, it is a complicated subject. Maybe now, Trump and the Republicans can get beyond the rhetoric and address the fact that we
       remain the only country on Earth not to guarantee health care to all people as a right, not a privilege.” Facebook, 28 Feb. 2017, 2:09 p.m.,

Text Message

Hyland, Thomas. Text Message. Received by Michael Billings. 13 November 2016.


Toutant-Beauregard, Pierre Gustave. “Supper is waiting-chicken is fried.” Received by Stephen K. Bannon, 25 Jan. 2017.


Speeches or Oral presentations should include citations for sourced material. Oral citations should generally include the title, author, date and the author's credentials or title of publication. An oral citation should be introduced using a signal phrase. A signal phrase informs the reader of an upcoming paraphrase or quote by using the author's or creator's name to segue into the material. Some example of signal phrases are: According to..., In the article by..., As reported by...,As Smith and Jones state....; the former are just a few examples among many that provide a segue into cited material.

Digital Image from a Website:

vsmak350. Melting Bath. 29 March 2013. Photograph. Flickr.

   Accessed 30 Sept 2019.

General Steps in Creating a Citation for an Image

1) Author/Creator. Not available?  Skip to #2.
2) Title of image (in italics or quotation marks) Not available?  Image doesn’t have a
     title? Create brief descriptive title (Photograph of horse running.  Drawing of brain). 3)  Date that image was created or published. Not available?  Skip to #5.
4) Version-Medium of the image (Chart, Diagram, Graph, Illustration, Map, Photograph,
5) Names of any other contributors
6) Any numbers associated with the image (if applicable)
7A) The publisher of the image
7B)  Where image is housed-name institution and city where located
     (Container 1) —museum,   gallery, title of article, etc.
8) Title of where the image is located.  (Container 2). Title of web page or
     title of database—italicized.      
9) *The location of the images, such as a URL or DOI number (“How To”; Russel,
10)  Access date. (Suggested by Manhattanville College Library)

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