You know how to search the internet but do you know how to figure out which websites are good resources for school? The CRAP test is any easy (and silly/memorable) way to quickly evaluate a website and help you decide if it's appropriate for a college assignment. When searching we want to evaluate the Currency, Reliability, Authority and Purpose (CRAP) of websites.
Authority – Author, creator, producer, or publisher.
Bias - Prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
Blind Trust - The “skill” of believing what you're told, regardless of what you see.
Clickbait – A sensationalized headline or piece of text on the Internet designed to entice people to follow a link to an article on another web page.
Cognitive Dissonance – The state of having inconsistent thoughts, beliefs, or attitudes.
Confirmation Bias – The tendency to interpret new evidence as confirmation of one's existing beliefs or theories.
Contemporary - Existing, occurring, or living at the same time; belonging to the same time.
Conspiracy theory – A theory that explains an event as being the result of a plot by a covert group or organization; a belief that a particular unexplained event was caused by such a group.
Crisis Actors - a trained actor, role player, volunteer, or other person engaged to portray a disaster victim during emergency drills to train first responders such as police, firefighters or EMT personnel.
Currency – Generally accepted, used, practiced, or prevalent at the moment
Disinformation - False information that is intended to mislead, especially propaganda issued by a government organization to a rival power or the media.
Empirical Evidence – Knowledge obtained through the use of the senses.
Fact – Reality or truth – something known to exist or have happened.
Fake News – News created to deliberately deceive its audience with false information.
False Flag - Covert operations designed to deceive; the deception creates the appearance of a particular party (group or nation) being responsible for some activity, disguising the actual source of responsibility.
Hoax – false information intentionally put out to deceive people.
Ideology - A system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.
Information -- knowledge communicated or received concerning a particular fact or circumstance.
Knowledge -- acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles, as from study or investigation.
Logical Fallacy – Errors in reasoning that undermine the logic of an argument.
Misinformation - False or inaccurate information, especially that which is deliberately intended to deceive.
Native Advertising - material in an online publication which resembles the publication's editorial content but is paid for by an advertiser and intended to promote the advertiser's product.
Objectivity- (of a person or their judgment) not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts.
Opinion - A belief or judgment that rests on grounds insufficient to produce complete certainty.
Peer-Review - The evaluation of work by one or more people of similar competence.
Post-Truth - Relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief.
Primary Source – Any other source of information that was created at the time under study.
Propaganda – Bias or intentionally false information disseminated to influence public opinion for a political purpose.
Purpose – The reason the source was written.
Relevant – Closely connected or appropriate to what is being done or considered; appropriate to the current time, period, or circumstances; of contemporary interest.
Reliable – A source you can trust.
Satirical News – News programs with comedic overtones that are intentionally funny.
Scholarly – Written by an expert in a field for an audience of other experts in that field.
Subjective - Based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions.
Supporting Sources/Corroborating Evidence – Sources that support something said in another source.
Glossary was adapted with permission from St. Joseph’s College LibGuide URL: http://brooklyn.sjcny.libguides.com/evaluatingsources
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